A bridge is made up of two or more crowns for the teeth on either side of the gap and a false tooth or teeth in between.
A rubber dam is a rectangular piece of rubber that is placed over a tooth or teeth to isolate the area from the rest of the mouth.
Scaling and Root Planning
Scaling and root planing is the treatment that is necessary when the progress of periodontal disease has created pockets that are too deep for a simple dental prophylaxis to remove all the plaque and calculus (tartar).
Dental sealants are used to prevent decay. Back teeth have pits and fissures that are vulnerable to decay and that is often where decay begins. Dental sealants are materials placed in these pits and fissures to fill them in, creating a smooth surface that is easy to clean.
Cavities usually begin in the pits and fissures of back teeth or between teeth. If left untreated, the decay will continue to grow and eventually reach the nerve chamber.
Once the nerve is infected, all of the pulp tissue must be removed. The dentist will clean out all the decay and remove all the nerve tissue out of the roots. A rubbery material is used to fill and seal the pulp chamber.
Porcelain is an excellent material for restoring teeth with large cavities because it looks and feels like real enamel. If the restoration does not cover the cusps of the tooth, the porcelain restoration is called an inlay.
Porcelain Dental Crown
Crowns are needed when the tooth is too broken down to be restored by fillings. Crowns are typically made of metals – like gold, plastics, or porcelain. Porcelain crowns are used when a natural, tooth-like appearance is desired.
Air abrasion is a technique that allows dentists to remove decay without drilling or the need for an anesthetic.